The Difference Between Type 1, 2 and Gestational Diabetes


When talking about diabetes there are 3 main types; type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, that can often get confused with one another. Here are the basic summaries for each type to hopefully help you understand the basic difference between each.

I will list the websites I used to write these summaries at the end of the blog post. I would also recommend these websites if you would like to do more research on the topic.

Type 1 diabetes is caused when for an unknown reason a person’s immune system attacks it’s pancreas, causing it to stop/ make an insufficient amount insulin. which is used to allow the sugars from food to absorb into the body to be used as energy. As a result type, 1 diabetics must manually play the part of the pancreas and inject insulin into themselves before each meal while also maintaining they have a good blood sugar.

Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by lifestyle choices, such as a poor diet, causing them to become overweight. In type 2 diabetes the pancreas is still able to produce insulin, though it is not able to use it properly, or not enough insulin is produced. Treating type 2 diabetes can sometimes be solved by having a healthier lifestyle, but in other cases, they make take a pill to help produce more insulin or help to the remaining insulin, they do have work better. When these methods can not be used, they are put on to insulin injections just as type 1 diabetes are.

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs in some women when they are pregnant but usually, disappears once the baby is born. This is due to the fact that when women get pregnant the placenta produces hormones that make it harder for the insulin to work. If someone has gestational diabetes it is usually picked up between 24 – 29th week of pregnancy and is treated in the same way as type 2 diabetes.


Disclaimer: Diabetes no matter which type is much more complex than I am stating, as I am only giving you brief summaries of each. To learn more about each type of diabetes please follow the links provided. Anything I say regarding diabetes, don’t take it as the holy grail as I am no expert and I’m just trying to figure it out as I go, and if you have any queries make sure to ask your local diabetic team.

That’s all from me for now – Kathryn 🙂





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